Biggest Stock Exchange in the World 2024, List of Top-10

The global financial landscape is marked by the presence of stock exchanges, crucial hubs where companies go public, and investors trade securities. As economic powerhouses and centers of financial activity, stock exchanges play a pivotal role in shaping the world economy. In this article, we delve into the top 10 biggest stock exchanges globally, exploring their significance and impact on the financial realm.

What are Stock Exchanges?

Stock exchanges are financial markets where buyers and sellers trade stocks and other securities. These exchanges provide a platform for companies to raise capital by issuing shares to the public, and for investors to buy and sell these shares. Stock exchanges play a crucial role in the global economy, facilitating investment, determining stock prices, and contributing to overall financial market stability.

Functions of Stock Exchanges

The stock exchange serves several crucial functions in the financial system:

  • Facilitates Trading: It provides a centralized marketplace for buying and selling securities, ensuring liquidity and fair pricing.
  • Capital Formation: Companies raise capital by issuing stocks to the public through initial public offerings (IPOs), fostering economic growth.
  • Market Information: Acts as a source of real-time information on stock prices, enabling investors to make informed decisions.
  • Price Discovery: Through the continuous trading of securities, stock exchanges determine fair market prices based on supply and demand.
  • Risk Mitigation: Provides a regulated environment with measures like clearing and settlement systems to reduce counterparty risk in transactions.
  • Corporate Governance: Establishes transparency and accountability standards for listed companies, promoting good corporate governance.
  • Investor Protection: Implements regulations and safeguards to protect investors from fraudulent activities and ensure market integrity.
  • Benchmarking Indices: Stock exchanges create market indices, such as the S&P 500, providing benchmarks to measure overall market performance.
  • Liquidity Enhancement: Facilitates the buying and selling of securities, ensuring a liquid market that benefits both investors and companies.
  • Diversification of Investments: Offers a diverse array of securities, allowing investors to create portfolios tailored to their risk tolerance and investment goals.

World’s Biggest Stock Exchange 2024

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), situated at 11 Wall Street, New York City, continues to reign as the world’s largest stock exchange in 2024. Boasting an impressive market capitalization of $26.2 trillion and hosting over 2400 companies, including renowned blue-chip entities spanning diverse sectors, NYSE holds a pivotal position in global finance. Established in 1792, its historical significance is matched by its substantial average trading volume, ranging from 2 to 6 billion shares. NYSE’s influence extends globally, impacting various stock market indices, with notable indices like DJIA, S&P 500, and NASDAQ Composite reflecting its widespread reach.

Top-10 Biggest Stock Exchanges in the World By January 2024

New York Stock Exchange of USA, with the market capitalization of $26.2 trillion, is the biggest stock exchange in the world, followed by National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations (NASDAQ), Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE), and European New Exchange Technology (EURONEXT).

Here is the list of top-10 largest stock exchanges in the world by January 2024:

Rank Stock Exchange Country Establishment Market Capitalization
1. New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) USA 1792 $26.2 trillion
2. National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations (NASDAQ) USA 1971 $28.28 billion
3. Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) China 1866 $6.87 trillion
4. European New Exchange Technology (EURONEXT) Europe 2000 $6.65 trillion
5. Hong Kong Stock Exchange (HKEX) Hong Kong 1891 $4.1 trillion
6. Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) Japan 1898 $5.67 trillion
7. Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE) China 1990 $4.38 trillion
8. London Stock Exchange (LSE) United Kingdom 1801 $4.13 trillion
9. Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) Canada 1861 $3.1 trillion
10. Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) India 1875 $3.59 trillion

World’s Largest Stock Exchange – New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)

Country: USA

Establishment: 1792

Market Capitalization: $26.2 trillion

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) stands as the world’s largest stock exchange, situated at 11 Wall Street, New York City. With a staggering market capitalization of $26.2 trillion and over 2400 listed companies, including prominent blue-chip entities, NYSE, established in 1792, holds unparalleled global influence. Boasting an average trading volume between 2 to 6 billion shares, it significantly impacts stock market indices across multiple countries. Key indices on NYSE, such as DJIA, S&P 500, and NASDAQ Composite, reflect its substantial role in shaping the financial landscape worldwide.

Second Biggest Stock Exchange in the World – National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations (NASDAQ)

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Country: USA

Establishment: 1971

Market Capitalization: $28.28 billion

The NASDAQ, positioned at 151 W, 42nd Street, New York City, secures its status as the world’s second-largest stock exchange. Pioneering electronic trading since its establishment in 1971, NASDAQ commands a total market capitalization of $28.28 billion, boasting over 3000 listed companies. Focused on technology, healthcare, and consumer services, it hosts industry giants like Microsoft, Google, Facebook, Amazon, Tesla, and Apple. Notably absent from oil, gas, or utility sectors, NASDAQ’s influence extends through key indices like NASDAQ Composite, NASDAQ 100, and NASDAQ Non-Financial.

Third Largest Stock Exchange in the World – Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE)

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Country: China

Establishment: 1866

Market Capitalization: $6.87 trillion

The Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE), established in 1866 and reinstated in 1990 after adjournment during Chinese revolutions, stands as the world’s third-largest stock exchange and the largest in Asia. Housing over 1500 public limited companies with a combined market capitalization of $6.87 trillion, SSE’s shares include Class ‘A’ for domestic investment and Class ‘B’ for both foreign and domestic investors. Key indices, such as SSE Composite, SSE 50, and SSE 180, capture the exchange’s vast market dynamics, featuring major stocks like PetroChina, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, and Agriculture Bank of China.

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