Top-10 Cashew Producing States in India

India is one of the largest producers of cashew nuts in the world, with several states contributing significantly to its production. Cashew cultivation is a vital part of India’s agricultural economy, providing livelihoods to millions of farmers. This article explores the top 10 cashew nut producing states in India, highlighting their contributions and key characteristics.

Cashew Production in India

Cashew cultivation in India spans 0.7 million hectares, with annual production exceeding 0.8 million tonnes. From 2019-20 to 2021-22, India’s cashew nut output increased from 0.70 million tonnes to 0.77 million tonnes, highlighting a significant growth in production during this period.

Largest Cashew Producing State in India

Maharashtra is the largest cashew-producing state in India, with an annual production of 199.7 thousand tonnes. The state’s favorable climate, particularly in the Konkan region, supports extensive cashew cultivation. This significant production not only boosts Maharashtra’s economy but also provides livelihoods for numerous farmers, making it a key player in India’s cashew industry.

Top-10 Cashew Producing States in India

Maharashtra with an annual cashew production of 199,700 tonnes, stands as the largest cashew producing state in India, followed by Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and Karnataka.

Here is the list of top-10 cashew producing states in India:

Top-10 Cashew Producing States in India
Rank State Cashew Production (in tonnes)
1. Maharashtra 199,700
2. Andhra Pradesh 127,200
3. Orissa 121,300
4. Karnataka 77,900
5. Tamil Nadu 77,300
6. Kerala 76,800
7. Chhattisgarh 21,400
8. West Bengal 11,500
9. Meghalaya 10,000
10. Gujarat 6,700

Urban-Rural Consumption Expenditure Differential Falls To 71% In 2022-23: Survey: MoSPI Survey

The Survey on Household Consumption Expenditure by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has found that Rural India’s average monthly capital expenditure stood 71 percent lower than Urban India in the period from August 2022 to July 2023. The survey said that rural India on average, clocked a monthly Per capita consumption expenditure (MPCE of three thousand 773 rupees in the period under review.

About MoSPI

The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation came into existence as an Independent Ministry on 15 October 1999 after the merger of the Department of Statistics and the Department of Programme Implementation. The Ministry has two wings, one relating to Statistics and the other Programme Implementation. The Statistics Wing called the National Statistical Office(NSO) consists of the Central Statistical Office (CSO), the Computer center and the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO). The Programme Implementation Wing has three Divisions, namely,

  • Twenty Point Programme
  • Infrastructure Monitoring and Project Monitoring and
  • Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme.

Besides these two wings, there is National Statistical Commission created through a Resolution of Government of India (MOSPI) and one autonomous Institute, viz., Indian Statistical Institute declared as an institute of National importance by an Act of Parliament.

What does the Survey says?

  • The average monthly per capita consumption expenditure in rural sector has risen more sharply by 40 percent in 2022-23 as compared to 2011-12 at real prices, while  the MPCE in urban sector has risen 33 percent in the same period, Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation survey released on June 7 showed.
  • In absolute terms, the average monthly per capita consumption expenditure in the rural  sector stood at Rs 1,430 which jumped to Rs 2,008 in 2022-23. While the MPCE in the urban sector rose from Rs 2,630 in 2011-12 to Rs 3,510 in 2022-23.
  • The rural monthly per capita consumption has seen a faster growth when compared to the urban sector in India. The difference between the urban and rural MPCE has seen a decrease over the years, with the differential reducing from 90 percent in 2009-10 to 75 percent in 2022-23.
  • The difference between the urban and rural MPCE has fallen from 84  percent in 2011-12 to 75 percent in 2022-23, the survey on Household Consumption Expenditure.



An Otter Love Story” to Open Mumbai Film Festival

National Geographic’s documentary, Billy and Molly, An Otter Love Story, will kick off the screenings at the 18th Mumbai International Film Festival (MIFF) in Mumbai. MIFF is scheduled to be held from 15th June 2024 to 21st June 2024 in Mumbai. The opening film will be screened simultaneously in Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai and Pune on 15th June. The film will also be screened during the Red Carpet event in Delhi on 17th June, Chennai on 18th June, Kolkata on 19th June, and Pune on 20th June.

Billy and Molly: An Otter Love Story

Directed by Charlie Hamilton James is a heartwarming story about a man who forms an unlikely friendship with a wild otter while living in a remote Shetland Islands. This captivating documentary explores the enchanting shores of Scotland’s Shetland Islands through a heartwarming journey of an orphaned otter named Molly. When Molly washes up against Billy and Susan’s secluded jetty, she finds herself embraced by their care and affection. As Billy becomes entranced by Molly’s playful nature, a profound bond forms between them, igniting a tale of love and longing against the rugged backdrop of the Shetlands.

About This Film

  • In this film, viewers witness the transformative power of companionship as Billy finds solace and purpose in nurturing Molly back to health and preparing her for life in the wild, exploring the complexities of love and the unyielding connection between man and nature.
  • While the film will be screened on 15th June at 2.30 pm at National Museum of Indian Cinema (NMIC), Pedder Road in Mumbai, the venues at New Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata and Pune are Siri Fort Auditorium, NFDC Tagore Film Centre, Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute (SRFTI) and National Film Archive of India respectively where the film will be screened simultaneously at the same time

About the Director

Charlie Hamilton James is a renowned wildlife filmmaker whose works have won him a News and Documentary Emmy for One Life. He made his directing debut with My Halcyon River, followed by his documentary miniseries I Bought a Rainforest which depicts his adventures in the Amazon after buying land there.

About 18th MIFF

  • MIFF, recognized as the oldest and largest film festival for non-feature films in South Asia, marks its 18th year of celebrating the art of documentary, short fiction, and animation films. Initiated in 1990 and now organized under the aegis of the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, Government of India, MIFF has evolved into an international event drawing cine-enthusiasts from across the globe.
  • This year’s celebration will also be a special one because there are more than 38 countries participating, with 1018 entries and multiple parallel screenings being held in Delhi, Kolkata, Pune and Chennai, covering the entire canvass of the country.
  • While there are over 300 films being screened this year, the 18th MIFF will also host more than 25 engaging masterclasses and panel discussions with industry luminaries such as filmmakers Santosh Sivan, Audrius Stonys, Ketan Mehta, Shaunak Sen, Richie Mehta, and Georges Schwizgebel among others. Moreover, the festival will offer a range of workshops, including the inaugural animation crash course and VFX pipeline workshop, providing valuable insights into the world of filmmaking.

Mohan Charan Majhi Biography, Qualification and Political Career

Mohan Charan Majhi, born on January 6, 1972, in Raikala, Keonjhar district, Odisha, is an Indian politician and the 15th Chief Minister of Odisha. A member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Majhi has represented the Keonjhar constituency in the Odisha Legislative Assembly multiple times since 2000. He is noted for his contributions to tribal communities and his leadership within the BJP.

Key Details of Mohan Charan Majhi

  • Born: January 6, 1972 (age 52)
  • Birthplace: Raikala, Odisha, India
  • Political Party: Bharatiya Janata Party
  • Alma Mater: Chandra Sekhar College, Champua (BA); Dhenkanal Law College (LLB)
  • Profession: Lawyer, Politician

Mohan Charan Majhi – Early Life

Mohan Charan Majhi was born on January 6, 1972, in Raikala, Keonjhar district, Odisha, India. He belongs to the Santali tribe. His father, Gunaram Majhi, worked as a security guard. Majhi completed his schooling at Jhumpura High School in 1987 and higher secondary education from Anadapur College in 1990.

Mohan Charan Majhi – Education

Mohan Charan Majhi pursued higher education at Chandra Sekhar College, Champua, where he obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree. He later acquired a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) from Dhenkanal Law College. Before entering politics, Majhi worked as a teacher at the Jhumpura Saraswati Shishu Mandir, part of a network of schools managed by the RSS’s educational wing, Vidya Bharti.

Political Career of Mohan Charan Majhi

Mohan Charan Majhi began his political career as a village sarpanch, serving from 1997 to 2000. He also held the position of secretary of the tribal wing of the state unit of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) from 1997. Majhi was a member of the standing committee of scheduled castes and tribes.

Legislative Career of Mohan Charan Majhi

Majhi was first elected to the Odisha Legislative Assembly from Keonjhar in 2000 and re-elected in 2004. During his second term, he served as the deputy chief whip from 2005 to 2009. Although he lost the assembly elections in 2009 and 2014, he won again in 2019. In his capacity as a senior BJP leader, he served as the party’s chief whip in the Odisha assembly from 2019 to 2024.

Chief Minister of Odisha

In the 2024 Odisha Legislative Assembly election, Mohan Charan Majhi was re-elected from Keonjhar, securing 47.05% of the votes. With the BJP securing a majority, he was announced as the next Chief Minister of Odisha on June 11, 2024. Majhi was sworn in as the 15th Chief Minister of Odisha on June 12, 2024, succeeding Naveen Patnaik.

Personal Life of Mohan Charan Majhi

Mohan Charan Majhi is married to Priyanka Marndi, and the couple has two children. They reside in Kendujhar, Odisha.

Which Indian River is Known as the “Sorrow of Bihar”?

In the heart of India, amidst the fertile plains of Bihar, flows a river that bears both the promise of prosperity and the burden of sorrow. Aptly nicknamed “The Sorrow of Bihar,” the Kosi River holds a significant place in the geography, history, and consciousness of the region.

Which Indian River is Known as the “Sorrow of Bihar”?

The Kosi River, meandering through the heart of Bihar, has earned the melancholic moniker of the “Sorrow of Bihar.” This sobriquet finds its roots in the river’s tumultuous history, marred by devastating floods and capricious course changes that have inflicted profound human suffering on the region.

Why is Koshi River Known as the “Sorrow of Bihar”?

Here are the reasons why Koshi river is known as the “Sorrow of Bihar”:

  • Annual floods devastate Bihar’s agricultural lands and rural economy.
  • The river’s high discharge during floods, up to 18 times the average flow, causes extensive damage.
  • Record-breaking floods, like the one in 1954, highlight the river’s destructive potential.
  • The Koshi Barrage, despite being designed for peak floods, struggles to contain the river’s fury.
  • The fertile soil and abundant groundwater of the Koshi’s alluvial basin are repeatedly destroyed by floods, exacerbating the region’s agricultural woes.

An Overview of Koshi River

  • The Koshi River flows through China, Nepal, and India, encompassing the Tibet Autonomous Region, Koshi province, and Bihar state.
  • It originates from the confluence of the Sun Kosi, Arun, and Tamur Rivers at Triveni, Nepal.
  • Spanning 729 km in length, it drains a basin area of 74,500 km2.
  • With an average discharge of 2,500 m3/s (88,000 cu ft/s), it’s a significant river in the region.

Mohan Charan Majhi made new Chief Minister of Odisha

In a historic development, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has formed its maiden government in the state of Odisha. After a resounding victory in the 2024 Odisha Assembly elections, the party has appointed Mohan Charan Majhi as the new Chief Minister of Odisha. He becomes the 15th Chief minister of Odisha.

Swearing-in Ceremony on June 12

The announcement of Majhi’s appointment was made by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh on Tuesday in Bhubaneswar, the capital city of Odisha. Union Minister Bhupender Yadav attended the meeting as an observer. The swearing-in ceremony for the new Chief Minister and his cabinet is scheduled for June 12, marking a significant milestone for the BJP in the state.

BJP’s Resounding Victory

In the recently concluded Odisha Assembly elections, the BJP secured an impressive 78 out of 147 seats, paving the way for its first-ever government in the state. Mohan Charan Majhi, a tribal leader, emerged victorious in the Keonjhar Assembly constituency, securing 47.05% of the votes and defeating Minu Majhi of the Biju Janata Dal (BJD) by a substantial margin.

Deputy Chief Ministers Announced

Accompanying Majhi as Deputy Chief Ministers will be KV Singh Deo and Pravati Parida. Their appointments reflect the BJP’s commitment to inclusive governance and representation.

Invitation to Former Chief Minister

In a gesture of political goodwill, the BJP has extended an invitation to the outgoing Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik, who is also the president of the BJD, to attend the swearing-in ceremony. A delegation led by the BJP Odisha unit president, Manmohan Samal, personally visited Naveen Niwas to extend the invitation, which Patnaik graciously accepted.

Paying Respects to Lord Jagannath

In a touching display of reverence and tradition, the first invitation card for the swearing-in ceremony was presented to Lord Jagannath in Puri. Newly elected MLAs delivered the invitation at the 12th-century shrine, seeking blessings for the new administration.

As Odisha prepares to usher in a new era of governance under the BJP’s leadership, the people of the state eagerly anticipate the positive changes and development that the party has promised. With a strong mandate and a dedicated team, the Mohan Charan Majhi-led government is poised to write a new chapter in Odisha’s history.

Static GK:

  • Capital: Bhubaneswar;
  • Governor: Raghubar Das.

PNB Expanding Global Presence with Dubai Representative Office

In a bid to bolster its overseas footprint, Punjab National Bank (PNB) is set to open a representative office in Dubai, as approved by its board of directors. PNB Managing Director Atul Kumar Goel confirmed the move, indicating that regulatory clearance is being sought and the office is expected to materialize within the current financial year.

Current Overseas Presence and Strategic Focus

As of March 31, 2024, PNB already had a presence in six countries through subsidiaries, joint ventures, and representative offices. The bank’s strategy for enhancing profitability revolves around expanding its retail, agriculture, and MSME portfolios, while also focusing on corporate lending, controlling slippages, and improving recovery rates.

Key Areas for Revenue Enhancement

PNB aims to boost its non-interest income by improving forex income and increasing fee income from third-party product sales. Additionally, the bank is targeting an increase in low-cost deposits, aiming to raise its CASA (Current Account Savings Account) ratio beyond 42% by the end of the fiscal year.

Financial Targets and Growth Projections

With a focus on maintaining credit costs below 1%, PNB anticipates a substantial rise in Return on Assets (ROA), expecting it to reach 0.8% during the current year and hit 1% by March 2025. The bank foresees credit growth at 11-12% and deposit growth at 9-10% for the current financial year.

Capital Raise to Support Growth

To fund its projected business growth, PNB has secured approval to raise capital amounting to Rs 17,500 crore through Tier I and Tier II bonds, as well as private placement of shares during the year.

Modi 3.0 Cabinet Portfolios Announced

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has kept 34 ministers from his previous Cabinet, including 19 Cabinet ministers, as he embarks on his third term. Prominent leaders such as Rajnath Singh, Amit Shah, Nitin Gadkari, Nirmala Sitharaman, and S. Jaishankar have retained their previous portfolios. The new Council of Ministers was unveiled a day after the swearing-in ceremony, where a total of 71 leaders from the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) took oath to join the government. The restructured ministries reflect Modi’s vision and priorities for his third tenure as Prime Minister.

Here are the Cabinet Ministers

The Modi government has allocated portfolios to the 71 ministers who took oath along with the Prime Minister.

Name Portfolio
Prime Minister Narendra Modi Prime Minister and also in-charge of: Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions; Department of Atomic Energy; Department of Space; All important policy issues; and All other portfolios not allocated to any Minister.
Rajnath Singh Defence
Amit Shah Home Affairs and Cooperation
Nitin Gadkari Road Transport and Highways
J.P. Nadda Health and Family Welfare and Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers.
Shivraj Singh Chouhan Agriculture, Farmers Welfare and Rural Development.
Nirmala Sitharaman Finance and Corporate Affairs
S. Jaishankar External Affairs
Manohar Lal Khattar Housing, Urban Affairs and Power.
H. D. Kumaraswamy Ministry of Heavy Industries and Steel
Piyush Goyal Commerce and Industry
Dharmendra Pradhan Education
Jitan Ram Manjhi Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.
Rajiv Ranjan Singh alias Lalan Singh Panchayati Raj; and Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying.
Sarbananda Sonowal Ports, Shipping and Waterways.
Dr. Virendra Kumar Social Justice and Empowerment.
Kinjarapu Rammohan Naidu Civil Aviation
Pralhad Joshi Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution; and New and Renewable Energy.
Jual Oram Tribal Affairs
Giriraj Singh Textiles
Ashwini Vaishnaw Railways; Information and Broadcasting; and Electronics and Information Technology.
Jyotiraditya M. Scindia Communications; and Development of North Eastern Region.
Bhupender Yadav Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
Gajendra Singh Shekhawat Culture; and Tourism.
Annpurna Devi Women and Child Development
Kiren Rijiju Parliamentary Affairs; and Minority Affairs.
Hardeep Singh Puri Petroleum and Natural Gas
Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya Labour and Employment; and Youth Affairs and Sports.
G. Kishan Reddy Coal; and Mines
Chirag Paswan Food Processing Industries.
C R Patil Jal Shakti.

Ministers of State (Independent Charge)

Name Portfolio
Rao Inderjit Singh Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation; Ministry of Planning; and Culture.
Dr. Jitendra Singh Science and Technology; Earth Sciences; Prime Minister’s Office; Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions; Atomic Energy; and Department of Space.
Arjun Ram Meghwal Law and Justice; and MoS of Parliamentary Affairs.
Jadhav Prataprao Ganpatrao Ministry of Ayush; and MoS Health and Family Welfare.
Jayant Chaudhary Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship; and MoS in Education

Ministers of State

Name Portfolio
Jitin Prasada Ministry of Commerce and Industry; and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
Shripad Yesso Naik Ministry of Power; and Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
Pankaj Chaudhary Finance
Krishan Pal Cooperation
Ramdas Athawale Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
Ram Nath Thakur Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
Nityanand Rai Home Affairs
Anupriya Patel Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; and Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers.
V. Somanna Jal Shakti; and Ministry of Railways.
Dr. Chandra Sekhar Pemmasani Ministry of Rural Development; and Ministry of Communications.
Prof. S. P. Singh Baghel Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying; and Ministry of Panchayati Raj.
Sushri Sobha Karandlaje Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises; and Ministry of Labour and Employment.
Kirtivardhan Singh Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change; and Ministry of External Affairs.
B. L. Verma Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution; and Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
Shantanu Thakur Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways
Suresh Gopi Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas; and Ministry of Tourism.
L. Murugan Ministry of Information and Broadcasting; and Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs.
Ajay Tamta Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.
Bandi Sanjay Kumar Ministry of Home Affairs.
Kamlesh Paswan Ministry of Rural Development.
Bhagirath Choudhary Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
Satish Chandra Dubey Ministry of Coal; and Ministry of Mines.
Sanjay Seth Ministry of Defence.
Ravneet Singh Ministry of Food Processing Industries; and Ministry of Railways.
Durgadas Uikey Ministry of Tribal Affairs
Raksha Nikhil Khadse Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports
Sukanta Majumdar Ministry of Education; and Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region.
Savitri Thakur Ministry of Women and Child Development.
Tokhan Sahu Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
Raj Bhushan Choudhary Ministry of Jal Shakti.
Bhupathi Raju Srinivasa Varma Ministry of Heavy Industries; and Ministry of Steel.
Harsh Malhotra Ministry of Corporate Affairs; and Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.
Nimuben Jayantibhai Bambhaniya Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.
Murlidhar Mohol Ministry of Cooperation; and Ministry of Civil Aviation.
George Kurian Ministry of Minority Affairs; and Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying.
Pabitra Margherita Ministry of External Affairs; and Ministry of Textiles.


Market Regulator SEBI Fines 11 Individuals for Pump And Dump Scheme

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has slapped a fine of Rs 7.75 crore on 11 individuals for allegedly operating a ‘pump and dump’ scheme in scrip of Svarnim Trade Udyog. The markets regulator has also debarred them from the securities market and ordered disgorgement of Rs 92.37 lakh with 12 per cent annual interest. 

About Pumping and Dumping Scheme:

  • In the stock market, a pump and dump scheme is a type of manipulation activity that involves artificially inflating the price of a stock through false and misleading information, only to sell the stock at the inflated price and leave investors with significant losses.
  • It is particularly prevalent in the micro-cap and small-cap sectors, where companies often have limited public information and trading volumes are lower.
  • The pump and dump scheme was operated through recommendations shared through Telegram channels, resulting in public shareholders purchasing the stock at an inflated price.

How does this scheme work

This process involves several steps:

    • First, a significant amount of stock in a relatively small or thinly traded company is acquired. These stocks are often referred to as ‘penny stocks’ because they trade at low prices and are more susceptible to price manipulation due to low trading volumes.
    • Then the stock is aggressively promoted to create a buzz and attract investors. This promotion can take various forms, including sending out mass emails or newsletters with exaggerated claims about the company’s prospects, as well as misleading social media posts. Promoters aim to create buzz and drive interest in the stock.
    • As the promotion gains traction, more investors buy into the stock, driving up its price due to increased demand. Sometimes, fraudsters may also engage in coordinated buying to further boost the price. During this phase, the stock often experiences rapid and significant price increases, creating the illusion of a hot, high-potential investment.
    • Once the stock price has been pumped up sufficiently, the sell-off begins at the inflated prices. This selling pressure causes the stock price to plummet, often leaving unsuspecting investors with significant losses as the stock returns to its actual value or even lower.

Static GK


  • Founded: 12 April 1988
  • Founder: Government of India
  • Agency executive: Madhabi Puri Buch, Chairperson
  • Formed: April 12, 1988; 36 years ago
  • Established: January 30, 1992; 32 years ago (Acquired Statutory Status)
  • Headquarters: Mumbai, Maharashtra


PM Narendra Modi Takes Oath for the 3rd term as PM

On a historic day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi took the oath of office for an unprecedented third straight term as the head of a coalition government. The swearing-in ceremony witnessed the induction of several leaders from the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) partners, reflecting the BJP’s commitment to rewarding its allies.

Modi’s Remarkable Achievement

At the age of 73, Modi equalled the feat of India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, who won three consecutive general elections in 1952, 1957, and 1962. This achievement underscores Modi’s enduring popularity and his party’s dominance in the country’s political landscape.

Cabinet Composition: Balancing Experience and Allies

Following Modi’s oath-taking, several senior leaders, including Rajnath Singh, Amit Shah, and Nitin Gadkari, were sworn in as Cabinet Ministers. Seasoned leaders like Nirmala Sitharaman also retained their positions, ensuring continuity and experience in key portfolios.

In a strategic move, Modi inducted several MPs from NDA partners, acknowledging their contributions to the alliance’s success. The Telugu Desam Party (TDP) and the BJP in Andhra Pradesh, where the NDA won an impressive 21 out of 25 Lok Sabha seats, secured two ministerial berths each.

Other notable inclusions were Ram Mohan Naidu and Pemmasani Chandrashekhar from the TDP, H.D. Kumaraswamy from the JD(S), and Sarbananda Sonowal from the BJP.

NDA’s Electoral Performance

The NDA secured a comfortable 286 seats in the recently concluded general elections. However, the BJP’s individual tally of 240 seats fell short of the 272-majority mark, indicating a decline from its previous performances of 303 seats in 2019 and 282 seats in 2014.

International Presence at the Swearing-in Ceremony

Reflecting India’s growing global stature, leaders from seven countries in the South Asia and Indian Ocean regions graced the swearing-in ceremony with their presence. Their attendance underscores the importance of strengthening regional ties and fostering cooperation in the region.

As Modi embarks on his third term, the nation eagerly anticipates the unveiling of his cabinet’s complete composition and the allocation of crucial portfolios. With a blend of experienced leaders and fresh faces from coalition partners, the new government is poised to tackle the challenges ahead and chart a course towards a prosperous and inclusive India.